Lung Cancer and Tuberculosis Awareness

Lung cancer and tuberculosis are two of the most common diseases around the world. Many people suffer from these diseases and many people die of them. So, it is important for everyone to know the causes and prevention method so that they can stay away from these serious diseases. This article aims at informing the readers about these two diseases and how they can be prevented.

Lung Cancer
Notes: Learn more about Lung Cancer from ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Lung cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer. Usually it occurs in older women and men. But this does not mean that it cannot occur to the men and women of other ages. Both white and black women are in a danger of developing this disease. But black men are more prone to this disease than white men. This is one of the most serious forms of cancers. The reason is that the infection spreads very quickly. But people can survive from it. If it is detected at an early stage, people can survive through proper treatment.

Types

There are different types of lung cancer. The cause, symptom and treatment will vary according to the type of the cancer. The most common kinds of lung cancer are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Most of the people suffer from non-small cell lung cancer. Several kinds of non-small cell cancer happen because of smoking. But smoking is responsible for every kind of small cell cancer.

Reasons

Researchers have found out that the most common and the biggest cause of lung cancer is smoking. The smokers are more prone to the lung cancer than the non-smokers. Even the non-smokers who live with smokers may develop this cancer. Another reason behind this form of cancer is exposure to the radon gas. Cracks in drains and pipes; foundations in building; soil etc. emit this gas. So, if you come in contact with this gas regularly, you may develop a lung cancer.

Symptoms

The patient may feel pain while laughing or breathing. He may also suffer from pleurisy or pneumonia. The patient coughs up rust-colored phlegm or blood. He usually loses his weight and appetite. He may feel dizzy and exhausted. Often he may feel shortage of breath. He may also suffer from fever or bronchitis. These are the symptoms of a lung cancer patient in his primary stage.

The patient who is in an advanced stage may suffer from jaundice. He may feel strong pain in his bones. He may become too weak and feel dizzy. He may develop epidermis because of the spreading of cancer. His neck and face may get swelled. At this stage the patient loses his weight very rapidly.

Prevention

It is really difficult to treat this problem. So, it is better that you try to stay away from this disease by following some steps. Here they go:

Firstly, you will have to stop smoking. This is the number one reason behind lung cancer.
Secondly, you will have to check your house frequently to ensure that it is free from radon gas.

Thirdly, you will have to change your diet plan. You will have to eat a lot of vegetables and fruits. You will have to cut off extremely cold food, fat, cholesterol and carbohydrate. You will have to switch to a balanced diet full of vitamins and minerals.

Fourthly, you will have to consult with your doctor frequently to know whether you are in a risk of lung cancer or not. If you have risk, you must try to prevent it before it attacks you.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis refers to a kind of disorder of the lungs. It is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The germs of this disease get transmitted from one person to another through air. People of all ages have the risk of being attacked with this disease. But mostly the old people are more prone to this disease. One can get cured from this disease if he goes through proper treatment at a primary level. But if the infection develops and moves to the ether parts of the body, the patient may die.

Types

There are five kinds of tuberculosis. They are:
Latent or Inactive Tuberculosis
Active Tuberculosis
Pulmonary or Primary Tuberculosis
Reactive or Secondary Tuberculosis
Disseminated Tuberculosis

Reasons

Mycobacterium causes Tuberculosis. This is usually called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In this case, the bacteria are transmitted to a new host from an infected old host. It is usually transmitted through respiratory vapor. When an infected person spits, sneezes or coughs, the bacteria get released into the air. When another person inhales the air carrying these bacteria, he is attacked by tuberculosis. Even one bacterium can cause a serious infection.

Symptoms

If the infection of tuberculosis is serious, the patient may suffer from fatigue, fever, weight loss and severe cough. If the infection is not treated properly at a primary level, it may spread into the other parts of the patient’s body. It will cause serious injury to the lymph nodes, brain, bones, kidneys and lungs. When the infection reaches the lungs, it is called Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis. It affects the important systems within our body like lymphatic, gastrointestinal, skeletal, nervous or genitourinary system. At an advanced level, this disease causes cell death. If not treated properly, the patients die because of cell death.

Prevention

Firstly, you will have to consult the doctor immediately if you find the symptoms of TB in your body. You need to go through a thorough medical treatment for getting cured.

Secondly, when you are suffering from this disease, you should not go out. It is important both for you and for others that you stay at home. This will help you to get recovered early. At the same time, it will help preventing the spread of the bacteria.

Thirdly, you must eat healthy foods that include a lot of vitamins, minerals and proteins.

Fourthly, you will have to submit your sputum sample to your doctor to check whether you have fully recovered or not.